Fact Sheet Available in Multiple Languages
The U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) has issued a fact sheet that provides an overview of the legal obligations of small businesses under federal nondiscrimination laws.
The EEOC enforces federal laws against employment discrimination based on race, color, religion, sex, national origin, disability, age, and genetic information. These laws also prohibit retaliation (punishment) for opposing or reporting discrimination, or participating in a discrimination investigation or lawsuit. The laws enforced by the EEOC apply to employers who employ a certain threshold number of employees.
In the fact sheet, the EEOC outlines the following responsibilities for employers:
- Ensure that employment decisions are not based on race, color, religion, sex, national origin, disability, age, or genetic information.
- Ensure that work policies and practices are related to the job and do not disproportionately exclude people of a particular race, color, religion, sex, national origin, disability, or age.
- Ensure that employees are not harassed because of race, color, religion, sex, national origin, disability, age, or genetic information.
- Provide equal pay to male and female employees who perform the same work (unless employers can justify a pay difference under the law).
- Respond promptly and adequately to discrimination complaints. Stop, address, and prevent harassment and discrimination. Ensure that employees are not punished for complaining.
- Provide reasonable accommodations (changes to the way things are normally done at work, such as permitting a schedule change so an employee can attend a doctor’s appointment or can observe a religious holiday) to applicants and employees who need them for medical or religious reasons, if required by law.
- Display a poster that describes the federal employment discrimination laws.
- Keep any employment records (such as applications or personnel records) as required by law.
Note: Employers may have additional responsibilities under federal, state, or local nondiscrimination laws.
The fact sheet also provides information about EEOC resources for small business owners, and is available in multiple languages. Click here to download the fact sheet (scroll down to the “Small Businesses” tab to view the available languages).
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